Volume 11, Issue 3 (Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal 2019)                   tkj 2019, 11(3): 1-13 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: مطالعه مربوط به سال 94 می باشد


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mazlomi A, khodadadi M, panahi S. The study of the effect of individual, occupational and environmental factors on returning to work of Low back pain experienced office personnel in one of the oil companies in the southern region. tkj. 2019; 11 (3) :1-13
URL: http://tkj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1017-en.html
Tehran University of Medical Sciences , amazlomi@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (251 Views)
Aim and Background: low back pain is one of the prevalent musculoskeletal disorders among working population including office workers. In this regard, various factors are important for low back pain reduction and return to work. The aim of this study was to investigate factors influencing return to work among employees with low back pain.
Methods and Materials: About 303 administrative employees participated in this study from an oil company located in southern part of Iran. The study variables were a 4-part questionnaire including demographic, job related variables and information about low back pain and the interventions implemented for return work.
Results: The majority of participants were male 35-47 years old, bachelor degreed,. with 9-25 years job tenure. Most of the employees had medium to high mental, physical, and temporal demands. From 303 participants, about 85(28/1) had low back pain. The main cause of low back pain was mostly muscular spasm (52/9) and the physiotherapy was the most treatment method (51/8). About 91% of participants had  individual intervention like changing the life style. About 88/2 of them had job interventions as body posture correction. Furthermore, 62/4 had organizational interventions as teamwork development. The age, physical activity, and the type of treatment showed significant relationship with return to work. Also, the individual, occupational, and organizational interventions had a significant relationship with RTW..
 Conclusion: The ability to return to work was seen mostly among the individuals with less physical activities in their working practices. Also, physiotherapy played better role in a rapid return to work comparing to other treatments. The individual interventions showed high impact on RTW. The issues such as individual interventions including change in lifestyle as well as doing particular exercises, job interventions including change in working stations, change in physical status during work and organizational interventions including special routine examinations, performing teamwork as well as particular training classes had played great impacts on RTW.
  
Full-Text [PDF 864 kb]   (72 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ergonomics
Received: 2019/05/24 | Accepted: 2020/04/4 | Published: 2020/04/4

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