Volume 9, Number 2 (5-2017)                   tkj 2017, 9(2): 28-39 | Back to browse issues page


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Borhanikakhki M, Karami A. The comparison of sleep quality, marital satisfaction and maternal efficacy in women who have shift work. tkj. 2017; 9 (2) :28-39
URL: http://tkj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-773-en.html

Abstract:   (293 Views)

Introduction: Nowadays, shift-working is necessary in societies, but there is not attention to its effects on health and family life, particularly on the relationships in family, spouse duties and the parents’ responsibilities.

Methods: The purpose of this study was comparing sleep quality, marital satisfaction and maternal efficacy in work-shift women. The statistical population contained 200 women workers in the Food Industry of Hashtgerd, Iran, in 2015. The sampling was conducted in two steps. A list of women workers in packing department with the criteria of being married and having children (60 persons at night-shift and 60 persons at day-shift) were randomly selected and the questionnaires were distributed. Data collection tools were a three-part questionnaire containing demographic information, Pittsburg sleep quality and parenting self-efficacy questionnaires. A T parametric test was used for comparing the average of two groups and analysis of multivariate variance applied for comparing them in sub-scales of sleep quality. Homogeneity of variance and normal distribution of scores was evaluated.

Results: The results showed that the average of maternal self-efficacy in workers of night-shift were significantly lower than workers of day-shift. There was a meaningful difference between two groups in appropriate sleep duration, sleep efficiency, sleep disorders, morning performance and the total score of sleep. The workers mean scores of night-shift in these factors and their problems were significantly higher than others.

Conclusions: According to sleep disorders and its complications in shift workers, it is suggested that the people who are more compatibile should be selected. Also, informing them about the effects of shift-work on their relationship with their spouses and children is necessary.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/06/21 | Accepted: 2016/12/6 | Published: 2017/06/11

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