Volume 9, Issue 3 (Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal 2017)                   tkj 2017, 9(3): 83-97 | Back to browse issues page

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Habibi E, valipoor E, Hasanzadeh A. A survey of the relationship between safety culture, personality characteristics and accidents in Steel Company workers. tkj. 2017; 9 (3) :83-97
URL: http://tkj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-813-en.html
Abstract:   (1907 Views)
Introduction: The development of Industries with its positive and valuable impacts is accompanied by unpleasant effects such as accidents. The main cause of accidents is unsafe acts are rooted in physical-mental conditions, stressors, safety training, safety culture and so on. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between incident, safety culture and personality traits steel workers and develop control measures and achieve the goal of zero accident is.
Materials and methods: The random sample of workers at a steel company in case-control study nested and matched in age and occupation without incident (130) and accidents (126), the safety culture and personality traits were compared with those in 2015. Valid and reliable questionnaire was used and Questions of each questionnaire with 60 questions. And can be used in various industries. Results were analyzed with SPSS21.
Results: 50.8% of the subjects of study with the average age of 36.9±7.83 and 10.67±6.55 years of work experience were placed in uninjured group and 49.2% of them with the average age of 36.1±7.08 and 9.56±6.5 years of work experience were placed in injured group. 5.39% of uninjured workers and 18.55% of injured ones had a negative safety culture. Work accident has a significant relationship with individuals’ safety culture, but it has no significant relationship with their shift work, occupation, marital status, second job, and educational level. The average rate of uninjured workers (226.66±28.71) and injured ones’ (212.07±30.86) safety culturehas been positive and higher than the average scale score (183). The one-way ANOVA shows that the relationship between accidents and neuroticism, conscientiousness and safety culture score is significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion:Characteristics of neuroticism and conscientiousness are the most important predictors of job performance and are involved in an accident. By studying the characteristics of individuals and organizations safety culture can be used to identify people prone to accident and moved them to safer jobs and improved organizational efficiency.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Safety and occupational accidents
Received: 2016/10/27 | Accepted: 2017/02/1 | Published: 2017/11/16

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