Volume 13, Issue 2 (Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal 2021)                   tkj 2021, 13(2): 52-59 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 97183
Ethics code: IR.MEDSAB.REC.1397.090


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Javadi M, Sharifi Z, Nezamdoost A, Rastaghi S, Abareshi F. The association between risk perception and knowledge with the behavior of using respiratory protection devices in the four National Oil Products Distribution Company. tkj. 2021; 13 (2) :52-59
URL: http://tkj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1098-en.html
Sabzevar university of medical sciences , fateme.abareshi@gmail.com
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The association between risk perception and knowledge with the behavior of using respiratory protection devices in the four National Oil Products Distribution Company
 
Javadi M1, Sharifi Z2, Rastaghi S3,4, Nezam Doust AM5, Abareshi F6*
1 Student of Occupational Safety & Health, Student Research Committee, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
2 PhD Student in Ergonomics, School of Public Health, Occupational Safety & Health Department, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
3 PhD Student in Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Science, Sabzevar, Iran
4 PhD Student in Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
5 Occupational Health and Safety Expert, Sabzevar National Petroleum Products Distribution Company, Sabzevar, Iran
6 MSc in Occupational Safety & Health, School of Public Health, Occupational Safety & Health Department, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
Abstract
Introduction: Having a clear understanding of the relationship between risk perception, knowledge, and protective behaviors could play a significant role in occupational risk management. This study aimed to survey the relationship between risk perception and knowledge on the behavior of using respiratory protection equipment in the four National Oil Products Distribution Company.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in 2018, 52 workers from the loading and quality control departments of 4 national companies distributing petroleum products in Sabzevar, Bojnourd, Torbat Heydariyeh, and Shahroud participated. Data were collected through a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity and reliability were assessed (CVI: 0.9 and CVR: 0.92 and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was determined to be 0.73), and data were analyzed using SPSS19 software, and descriptive statistics and linear regression were analyzed.
Results: More than half of the participants, who were exposed to the chemicals, use RPDs (Respiratory Protective Devices) all the time and when they are exposed to chemicals. While 75% of them reported using RPDs (Respiratory Protective Devices), reduces the quality of their work. In this study, there was not any significant relationship between RPDs behavior with knowledge and risk perception (P > 0.05). However, the association between work experience and RPDs was negatively significant (p= 0.009). 
Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that only education and knowledge could not promote individual risk perception, improving protective behavior, therefore other barriers such as uncomfortably of RPDs, or their interference with the worker should be considered. To achieve this goal, the safety and health officials of the companies must pay attention to its quality in addition to the correct choice of these devices.
Keywords: Risk perception, knowledge, protective behaviors, Respiratory Protection Device
 
This paper should be cited as:
Javadi M, Sharifi Z, Rastaghi S, Nezam Doust AM, Abareshi F. The association between Risk Perception and Knowledge with the Behavior of Using Respiratory Protection Devices in the four National Oil Products Distribution Company. Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal. 2021:13(2): 52-59.
 
 
 
 
 

*Corresponding Author
Email: fateme.abareshi@gmail.com
Tel: +985144018327
Received: 13.09.2020                             Accepted: 13.04.2021
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Safety and occupational accidents
Received: 2020/09/13 | Accepted: 2021/09/1 | Published: 2021/09/1

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