Volume 5, Issue 2 (Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal 2013)                   tkj 2013, 5(2): 20-31 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (9350 Views)
Background: Because most of the work-related injuries are caused due to the unsafe perceptions and behaviors, thus, it is necessary to do research in these areas. This study aimed to evaluate perceptions of workers to safety culture in roller and steel parts production factory based on the health belief model (HBM). Methods: This is an analytical-descriptive, applied and cross-sectional study. Community research was included all workers working in roller and steel parts production factory which 170 of them were selected by the help of statistical consultant. After having questionnaire prepared, which was covered benefits, barriers, perceived severity and sensitivity from safety and most important guidelines, its validity and reliability was certified. Then, considering sample size, data gathered by questionnaire were entered to databases and were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Considering education, most of the studied population (63.5%) had under diploma degree and most of them were between 23 to 28 years old (62%). Furthermore, 70% of studied population was married and 40.6% had working experiences between 3 to 5 years old. Moreover, 64.7 and 22.4% of studied workers had average and good perceptions regarding safety. Most of the workers (35.3%) were working in melting unit. Also 65.9% mentioned that have had injuries during the work. Further more, according to the Chi-square test there was a relationship between HBM dimensions such as perceived sensitivity with job, working unit, work-related injuries. Conclusion: Studied workers had relatively good knowledge and perception regarding safety. Since workers are of those vulnerable groups in working environments, therefore, implementing educational and interventional programs using HBM or other educational models are recommended to improve their knowledge regarding safety principles.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Safety and occupational accidents
Received: 2012/08/27 | Accepted: 2013/09/11 | Published: 2013/09/11

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