Volume 4, Number 1 and 2 (OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Quarterly Journal 2012)                   tkj 2012, 4(1 and 2): 25-33 | Back to browse issues page

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Hashemi Nejad N, Mohammad Fam I, Jafari Nodoshan R, Dortaj Rabori E, Kakaei H, Kakaei H. Assessment of unsafe behavior types by safety behavior sampling method in oil refinery workers in 2009 and suggestions for control. tkj. 2012; 4 (1 and 2) :25-33
URL: http://tkj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-166-en.html

Department of Occupational Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , hojatkakaei@gmail.com
Abstract:   (13449 Views)
Background: In the rapid progress of global industrialization, occupational accidents have created major problems for countries including our country. Recently, researchers have reported that more than 75 to 90 percent of the work accidents have been related to unsafe behaviors of workers. Therefore, recognition of unsafe behavior types, and factors influencing them, would help prevent such behaviors. Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study unsafe behaviors of workers in Kermanshah oil refining company were evaluated and analyzed using safety behavior sampling technique. Data were collected using direct observation of workers’ behaviors, checklist, interview techniques and review of previous health and medical records. After a pilot study and considering the definition of different unsafe behaviors, required sample size was determined as 4014 observations. Demographic variables related to unsafe acts were collected by using relevant questionnaire. Results: Observations during the study showed that 24.5 percent of workers' behaviors were categorized as unsafe. Also data showed that there was a significant relationship between workers’ unsafe behaviors and work unit, job, marital status, age, educational levels, work experience, and history of previous accidents (p<0.001). But there was not a significant relationship between observation days and unsafe behaviors (p>0.05). Conclusion: In order to reduce unsafe behaviors and incidence rate of accidents, planning and implementation of training courses based on principles of safety behaviors, creating an appropriate safety climate and safety culture, workers involvement in safety performance, precise supervision on implementation of safety regulations and use of scientific experiences of academic researchers are suggested.
Full-Text [PDF 258 kb]   (2587 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: occupational medicine
Received: 2012/10/12

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